Winter Mountaineering Climb in Strogoula – Tzoumerka (Athamanika)

Winter time in Greece can be very exciting! Despite popular belief, in Greece we do have some mid-range peaks but we also have snow. This is great for whoever is interested exploring winter mountaineering routes.

Our initial plan was to visit Tzoumerka for a three day “expedition”, but due to bad weather we decided to enjoy the mountain at least for one day.

Tzoumerka – Strogoula as see from Pramanta Mountain Refuge

About Athamanika Mountains (Tzoumerka)

Athamanika mountains, also known as Tzoumerka,  are part of  Pindos mountain range located at the boundaries of the regions of Thessaly and Epirus. Both the physical landscape and the traditional settlements set Athamanika mountains as one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece.

Athamanika mountains rise in-between the boundaries of the counties of Arta, Ioannina and Trikala. At the West the mountains are bounded by Aracthos river and at the East by Acheloos river. Geomorphologically, the region is divided into 2 sections: the northern section, belongs to Ioannina prefecture and hosts  the highest peak (2469 meters) and the southern part belongs mainly to the prefecture of Arta.

See more hiking/mountaineering routes around this area:

Geologically, Athamanika Mountains are consisted mainly of limestones and flysch formations. This alternation of rocks combined with intense rainfall has resulted the development of an extensive groundwater with a presence of springs in many places. The most famous water spring is “Agathi“, near the village of Melisourgoi.

Our stay before the climb was at the mountain hut of Melissourgoi, which is a nice, cosy and very friendly mountain hut which is fully serviced, including hot water.

Climbing via “Bear’s Couloir”

Prior of arriving in the area of Tzoumerka, we had a plan to establish a new route in a couloir we had spotted from the mountain refuge of Pramanta. This couloir is located on the right of the established route “Melissourgoi I” and it was looking very appealing for a first ascent. In fact, we soon started to gather info and a climbing buddy provided us with some recent photos while he was in the area. Having checked the photos, we decided that it would be an interesting route to follow.

The Route

Prior of visiting again the area of Tzoumerka, I looked at my photos archive and I tried to understand how this couloir could be, what kind of difficulty we could face so we could also arrange to carry with us the correct gear. The route we wanted to climb, starts very near from the refuge and follows the couloir between the obvious pillars.

The Route as seen from the mountain refuge
The Couloir

The Climb

We started with the approach hike around 7.30 and within 15-20 minutes we were at the base of the route. The more we were approaching the base of the route, the more I could see and understand that this couloir was not difficult to climb. I could see that it would be around 40-50 degrees in terms of steepness and therefore we decided to climb it without any belay and protection. Just a rope in parallel movement.

Approach hike
First part of the ascent
getting closer to the couloir
First view of the couloir
Ready to “attack”
Entering the Couloir
First steps in the Bear’s Couloir
Climbing up
Looking down my rope partner


Almost at the exit of the couloir
at the top of the couloir
Almost at the top of the couloir


Avalanche Risk

As soon we reached the highest point, and actually we exited the couloir, we wanted to traverse southern direction. While traversing, I was feeling the snow beneath my feet a bit unstable.

Most of us pay little attention to avalanches unless someone gets injured or killed in one. The sad fact is that most people caught in an avalanche trigger the slide themselves by traveling on or beneath unstable snow slopes.

In fact, on the point I felt not very comfortable, together with one of the most experience members of our team we did a quick check up of the snow conditions, and all the team took the decision to abandon the rest of the route.

Slope Cut – Avalanche Control

An avalanche can go as fast as 120 miles per hour, a force that can easily sweep you into trees and rocks, pull you over cliffs and tangle you in your ski or snowboard equipment. Nearly one–third of avalanche deaths are the result of trauma.

There are mainly two types of avalanches:

Loose–snow Avalanches

  • Loose–snow avalanches occur where there is little or no cohesion in the snowpack. They usually start at a point on or near the surface and gather more snow and momentum as they progress down the slope, often forming a triangular–shaped path. Snow clumps falling onto the slope from a cliff above can set off these slides, as can melting within the snowpack.

Slab Avalanches

  • Even more dangerous are slab avalanches, in which a layer of snow breaks away from the layer beneath it and slides downhill. Most backcountry travellers are caught in these avalanches. Slab avalanches are the result of many snowstorms or strong winds depositing layers of snow that change over time. Some layers settle and become stronger, while others grow weaker. Weak layers are frequently grainy or fluffy so that other layers can’t bond to them.
traversing – View towards Kakarditsa
Climbing up with great view towards Kakarditsa


Retreating from the route and Abseiling

Although we drove for many hours and hundreds of kilometres in order to try to establish a new route, unfortunately we had to abandon our goal and retreat. Of course we were not happy about it, but considering the high avalanche risk it was certainly the wiser and best decision we could take.

The return was basically done from the route we climbed up. Part of the route we down-climbed it and part of the route we abseiled it.

Setting up the rappel
almost back at the refuge

Gear & Equipment

For this trip, I was carrying the following main gear:

Before you leave this blog check out the following map

Below: This map marks all the mountaineering adventures that have been featured on Olympus Mountaineering so far, including several Sport climbing crags – Select full screen to expand, zoom in for more detail, or click on a marker for a link to the post.

13 thoughts on “Winter Mountaineering Climb in Strogoula – Tzoumerka (Athamanika)

    1. Absolutely Diana! We go to the mountains to enjoy the outdoors, to challenge ourselves and of course to have a good time.

      Though, by no means we should challenge our “luck” and therefore we should always watch for any signs the mountain can give us, and act accordingly.

      Thanks for your comment Diana.

      Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you for your comment and I agree with you that the decision to retreat was the correct one.

      Many times, we overate our skills and underestimate the conditions of the snow, and then accidents happen.

      Thank you again for your kind comment.

      Liked by 1 person

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  2. Nice job getting after that couloir! It does look quite nice.
    My mind was also on avalanches. While the snow in the couloir itself looked fairly solid, if the slope above let loose, that would be quite the terrain trap. Where I am, our avalanche cycle is so prolific that we normally only descend via a couloir in order to limit the amount of time in them. There are several skiable couloirs here too.
    Well done!

    Liked by 1 person

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